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Absolute
Absolutes are regarded as the strongest aromatic product from the starting plant material. 
Accord
An Accord is the equivalent of a chord in music.  It is a blend of two fragrances to produce a third, unique fragrance, without the two original fragrances distinctly detected. The two should be in balance and harmony with each other. The accord or note is usually only a part of a perfumes composition.
Alcohol
Alcohol is used to break down solids and heavy oils. It also lends to the diffusion and blending of perfumes. It also is catalyst to the dilution adding a fresh lightness. 
Aldehyde
An Aldehyde is a chemical compound made by oxidizing alcohols to make resins and organic acids.
  
 Aldehydic
Refers to a certain fatty, oily aroma. It was first noted in perfumes like Chanel No 5. The term means anointing oil in Greek.

Amber
A heavy, rich, sweet, full bodied aroma, slightly powdery. used in balsam and chypre perfumes.
Animalic
Most animalic notes are described as some what fecal and unpleasant. However, many notes like this are present in perfumes. In extreme dilution they often have pleasant floral notes.  The use of real animal products are rare in todays perfumes, synthetics are commonly used.
 Anosmia
Anosmia is the inability to smell. Total anosmia can occur as the result of injury or illness but is rare, partial anosmia is more common. Some people have selective anosmia to some raw materials. Musks are common materials some people cannot smell. Sometimes the first exposure to a new material may also have a similar effect. After several tries the ability to smell may improve.
Apocrine Sweat Glands
Apocrine sweat glands are those that give you your unique sexual and body scent. It can interfere with or influence the fragrance of perfumes you wear.
Aromachology
The science, coined by the Olfactory Research Fund in the late 1970, dedicated to the study of the interrelationship between psychology and aroma.
Aromatic
Mostly refers to the benzene ring structure found in many organic compounds. The term in perfuming refers to the rich aroma displayed by balsamic notes.
Aromatherapy
Aromatherapy is a term meaning the combination of aroma with therapy, created by R.M. Gattefosse, a French chemist.
Attar (Otto)
Attar or Otto refers to essential oil obtained by steam distillation of the Bulgarian rose, a precious additive to floral perfumes. The word is from the ancient Persian word "to smell sweet."
Balsam
The thick sap from trees or shrubs when the plants are cut.  A sticky sap material which give a resinous woody odor.
Balsamic
Rich, sweet, warm notes like benzoin.  Balsamic notes are found in the Oriental group of perfumes such as Shalimar, Obsession, Opium and Youth Dew.
  
Body
A perfume term for the middle or "heart" of a perfume. Used to describe a fragrance that is well rounded or full.
  
Bouquet
The sum mixture of flower notes.
Camphoraceous
Camphor-like. The fresh cooling aroma of eucalyptus and rosemary, lavandin and herbal notes.
Carrier Oil
An oil base into which aroma additives are mixed with to create oil-based products. 
 
Chypre
Chypre is a perfume using citrus and fruit notes with oakmoss, woody and animalic notes. Chypres can display a leather character. Many men's fragrances are based on the basic Chypre. The name Chypre was coined by Coty almost 100 years ago.
  
Citrus Note
The fresh, light notes of lemon, lime, orange, grapefruit and bergamot.
Classic
A style of fragrance that has rich large percentage of floral absolutes. 
Cloying
A perfume that is excessively sweet, clinging and overpowering.
Cologne
A city in Germany where modern perfume was first produced. Eau de Cologne Kolnisch Wasser almost 300 years ago.  It is primarily a blend of citrus oils. Also a light form of fragrance with about 3% concentration of perfume in a solution of alcohol and water.

Compound
The term used in the perfume industry for a concentrated mixture before it is diluted or used in products.
Concrete
Concrete is the term used in perfumery to refer to the hard, waxy substance derived from the raw material.
Depth
Refers to the quality of a perfumes body and sophistication. Being rich and full bodied nature.
Diffusion
The volatilization or evaporation and dispersal of a aroma material into the surrounding atmosphere. Also, the low molecular weight of a chemical. Some larger molecule aroma materials like Hedione and Iso E Super seem to move slowly away and seem diffusive.
Distillate
A product of distillation like lavender oil from the fresh, blooming lavender plant.
Distillation
Plant material such as leaves, flowers or wood placed in a still where steam is passed through the plant material. The steam carries the oil out to a condenser which cools the steam & oil mixture. The mixture drips into container where the essential oils float to the top.
Dry
Alcohols help create this sort of scent. Think of it like a dry cocktail, not to sweet, more aromatic. 
Dry Down
The final phase of a perfume, the bottom note. The aroma that lingers several hours after application. 
Earthy
Notes that give the impression of earth, soil, the forest floor, mold and moss. Earthy notes are clearly discernible in oakmoss absolute, vetiver and patchouli oils.
Enfleurage
A very old method of extracting fragrant absolutes. Fresh flowers are pushed onto plates of glass and then covered with tallow. New blossoms are continually added to replace spent flowers until the fat is saturated with the fragrance. 
Expression or Pressed
Method of obtaining essential oil from plant material, mostly citrus fruit peels. 
Extraction
The method by which essential oils are separated from the plant using solvents which can then be removed by evaporation. Strictly speaking, distillation and expression are methods of 'extraction' but the term is generally reserved for the use of solvents.
Extrait
The alternative name for alcoholic perfumes. Extraits contain 15 to 45% perfume compound in alcohol.
   
Fixative
A material used in a perfume to fix the perfume or make it last longer. 
Flat
Lacking in lift or diffusion. One dimensional, not complex, lacking distinct top, middle and base notes.  
  
Hay
A sweet clover odor. Represented in perfuming by coumarin.
  
Heart
The core of a perfume composition which gives it its character. In French, couer means heart.
Heavy
An odor which is intense, often sweet and balsamic but lacks lift and vibrancy.
Infusion
A solution obtained by steeping the material in a hot solvent. Making tea is an infusion.
Lift
Lively quality or diffusiveness.
Light
Fresh, bright usually top notes.
Middle Note
The middle or "heart" notes make up the main body of a perfume. It denotes the classification of a fragrance. What you smell after the top note has mellowed. It usually takes from ten to twenty minutes for the middle notes to fully develop on the skin.
Modern
The first perfume that can truly be called modern was after World War I. Aldehydes were among the first aroma chemicals to become available. Clean and ozone-like. aldehydes were unlike anything nature created.  The very modern Coco Chanel endorsed them for all time by including them in her famous Chanel #5.  Hundreds of aroma chemicals have followed since. Chanel's innovation, lent excitement, complexity and stability to modern fragrances.  Todays vast array of different scents would not be possible without aroma chemicals.
Muguet
French for Lily of the Valley. One of the three most used florals in perfumery. Unlike jasmine and rose, a natural muguet absolute or essential oil has never really been commercially available and is reproduced with aroma chemicals. 
Narcotic
A term used to indicate the intoxicating effect of floral notes, like narcissus, tuberose, ylang ylang, all common in oriental perfumes.
Notes
The language of music helps to describe an olfactory impression. It also indicates the three distinct periods of evaporation in the perfume. The top note, middle note, bottom note. 
Olfactory
The sense of smell.
Olfactory Bulb
An organ deep within the nasal cavity that holds the cilia, hair like structures that come in contact with odorous molecules entering the nose or from the throat. The olfactory bulb passes the impulse to the limbic region of the brain.
Organ (Perfumers)
The perfumers shelving containing hundreds of bottles of raw materials. The way a perfumer assembles the collection of aroma materials for ease of use.
   
Resinoids
Are extracts of gums, balsams, resins or roots (orris) which consist in whole or in part of resinous materials. They are generally used as fixatives in perfume compositions.
Rhizomes
Root-like stems with nodes which grow under or along the ground. Certain perfume raw materials come from rhizome like Orris root and ginger.
Soluble
To be dissolved in a solvent (liquid) such as water, oil, alcohol.
Solvents
Are used for dissolving solid or viscous aroma materials. This enables them to mix with other components of the production of perfume.
   
Stability
The degree to which a aroma material or perfume is effected over time by heat, light and air. 
  
Synthetic
A man made aroma product is made to replace what occurs naturally. These products can be derived or isolated from natural products. They also may be made by chemists in a laboratory. Some synthetics are superior to the natural products because of lack of stability and availability of crops. Synthetic animal products have replaced the natural in perfuming for obvious animal cruelty reasons. Synthetics also replace dangerous natural aroma products. Synthetics can be as costly as naturals. Some are better for the environment especially in the case of sandalwood and other natural products that can take years to replenish. Many Synthetics are also used in the flavor industry and are safe for perfuming as well as food flavor. We love using both natural and synthetic products in our perfume making. But just because it’s natural dose not make it safe to use. After all arsenic is a natural product. We use only Synthetics that are deemed safe by the IFRA  http://www.ifraorg.org
Tenacity
The life of a note or perfume. Its lasting quality.
  
Top Note
The first impression of a fragrance when applied to the skin. The most volatile and diffusive additive in your perfume. The top notes are citrus notes and light fruits.
and aroma elements that are light and evaporate quickly.